Phonemic Awareness Activities


What is it? 
• the understanding that speech is composed of a series of individual sounds (called phonemes) 
• the ability to hear individual sounds in words 
• the ability to manipulate sounds in words orally 

Phonemic Awareness activities include: 
• sing nursery rhymes and songs including playful songs 
• play rhyming games 
• play with magnetic letters 
• use physical responses such as clapping and tapping to demonstrate patterns in song, stories, and words 
• separating words into separate sounds 
• participating in word play where children change beginning, middle, and ending sounds 
• blending letters when learning common spelling and sound patterns 
• decoding big words by decoding smaller words or word parts within them 

Instructions for "Developmental" Phonemic Awareness Activities: 
1. These activities are intended to be done orally 
2. These activities are short periods of time (5-7 min.) repeatedly in every day life. Examples: in the car, in the bath, waiting for appointments, car wash, in line, etc... 
3. The games are intended to play over and over and not just one time. 

Listening Awareness Activities: 
Have child close eyes and listen for three sounds you make. 
Ex: Parent claps hands, snaps fingers, and stomps feet. 

Child opens eyes. 

Parent says, "First you heard ______. 

In the middle you heard_____. And last you heard ______." 

Child fills in blank. 

Continue listening game using the following: 
• animal sounds (moo, oink, quack) 
• color words 
• familiar items (tree, grass, truck) 
• letters of alphabet 
• sounds of alphabet "b-a-t" 

Rhyming Awareness Activities: 
• Read and teach your child Mother Goose's Nursery Rhymes 
• Substitute rhyming words. 

Ex: Hickory, dickory, dock 
The mouse ran up the clock. 
Child changes clock to a rhyming word such as "sock". 

Continue above substitute rhyming with multiple nursery rhymes and Dr. Seuss books, and any other rhymes/songs your family knows. (See attached book list for book ideas.) 

Word and Syllable Awareness Activities: 

Play ‘Word Clap’. Parent says "Sailboat." 
• Child says (while clapping), "Sail…boat" (claps two times for the two parts) 
• Sample Words: 

Playground sandbox crayons chair friend classroom 
paint paper kitchen bedroom bathroom computer 

• If your child has mastered 2 syllable (part) words, try 3 syllables. 

Play ‘What’s the Word’ Game 
This time parent says a word in parts and the child repeats the entire word. 


Parent: "" 

Child: "dinosaur" 

Parent: "" 

Child: "alphabet" 

Child: "television” 
Again, you can make this more difficult with words with more syllables when your child is ready. 

Word Family Awareness Activities: 
• Choose a word family to practice. 
• Parent says, "C….at. What’s the word?" 
• Child says, "Cat." 
• Continue with the same word family to reinforce rhyming, vowel patterns and sound blending. 

Example: at an it en ot ake ane ole 
cat ran bit hen dot cake plane sole 
sat fan hit pen cot sake cane whole 
bat man sit ten tot rake lane mole 
fat clan fit men lot make mane pole